A reference guide to Hungarian grammar, designed with English-speakers in mind

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Hungarian Supressive case: -n -on -en -ön

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Latin Name English role Endings Demonstrative Pronouns Personal Pronouns
Supressive on, upon
  • -n
  • -on
  • -en
  • -ön
Vowel harmony
  • ezen
  • azon
  • ezeken
  • azokon
  • rajtam
  • rajtad
  • rajta / Önön
  • rajtunk
  • rajtatok
  • rajtuk / Önökön

Static position: surfaces

This is the Static position static position member of the triad, applicable to surfaces.

Compare to:

Movement towards the suffixed word Tett könyvet az asztalra. He put a book onto the table.
Static position Aztán a könyv az asztalon volt. Then the book was on the table.
Movement AWAY FROM the suffixed word Azután, vitt könyvet az asztalról. After that, he took a book from the table.

Generally, flat surfaces use this triad: table, street, face, etc.

Most Hungarian cities and Hungary itself use this case:

  • Budapestre megyek. I am going to Budapest.
  • Budapesten vagyok. I am in Budapest.
  • Budapestről jövök. I am coming from Budapest.
  • Magyarországról vagyok. I am from Hungary (i.e. I am Hungarian).

On, upon

This is just like the English "on": on the table, on the floor, etc.

The biggest difference is that this positional suffix is part of the tried used for Hungarian cities.  One does not live "in Budapest", one lives "on Budapest": Budapesten lakik he lives in Budapest.

Other similarities include the use of the superessive case for the days of the week (except Sunday): pénteken megyek I am going on Friday.

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Sublative: -ra/re
Superessive: -n Next
Delative: -ról/ről

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