The past participle in Hungarian is an adjectival participle, and
is where we turn a verb, whose action is completed, into an
attributive adjective. It's sometimes called the participle of complete action.
c.f. present participle.
It is identical in appearance to the third person singular indefinite past tense,
but it performs a different function. As mentioned, it's essentially an adjective,
although we shall also see that is can be used as a noun.
The same rules for creating the past tense
apply to creating the past participle. Once you know how to form it, look at these
- fő boil
- főtt boiled
- egy főtt tojás a boiled egg
- nyit open
- nyitott open, opened
- beleesik az eső a nyitott ablakba
the rain falls into the open window
- bezár close
- zárt closed
- a zárt ajtók csöndesek closed doors are
Compare to these two particples:
Just like their present brothers, past participles can be used as nouns
There is no change to use a participle as a noun, but to make one into an adverb we simply add
the suffixes for making adverbs as normal.
In these examples of using participles as nouns, they've been placed into the plural form so you can be certain
we're using them as nouns.
the grown-ups, the adults
Making an adverb: