Expressing "I have (got)..." or "have you (got)...?" is a little contrived. It's
almost as though they'd forgotten to include the word "to have" and so came up with
To say "I have a dog" it is literally translated as "My-dog it is (exists)"
We therefore use van is
and would translate literally as:
van kutyám is (exists) my-dog.
Note that we can change the order of the words and
attributive noun or
pronoun to emphasise ownership.
- van kutyám I have a dog
- nekem van kutyám *I* have a dog
- kutyám van I have a *dog*
When more than one item is mentioned (qualitativly, not quantitativly), we use
instead of van.
Note that if we have an unknown plural number of dogs, we use
the multiple objects case; but if we have a known plural
number, we use the single objects case.
See plurals page.
- vannak kutyáim I have dogs
- van három kutyám I have three dogs. (Not
- három kutyám van I have *three* dogs
Simply turn the statement into a question with a question mark (and a penultimate-syllable
rise and then fall of [intonation]).
van kutyád? do you have a dog?
vannak kutyáid? do you have dogs?
neked van kutyád? do *you* have a dog?
három kutyád van?do you have *three* dogs?
We form the question "who has?" by using the
attributive form of 'who' and being explicit with van.
Note the question word:
- kinek van egy kutyája? who has a
- kinek vannak kutyái? who has dogs?