External possession, also know as the genitive caseis when we're talking about an
object being owned by a named owner, but then the object is not necessarily named. For example,
when we have already mentioned my book, and you want to then talk of Ági's book, one can imply
the owned object thus: "My book is here. Where is Ági's?" We do not need to mention the book a second time.
The characteristic ending for indicating external possession
The question whose? is then easily made:
See also the section on
The genitive can't be applied to plurals, rather you have to strip a noun of its plural and
then add the plural version of the genitive to the root. It's quite
rare to use this structure though.
Just like with explicit possession of multiple objects,
we have -éi to represent the external possesion of multiple objects.
- ki? who?
- kiéi? whose (pl.)?
- kiéi ezek a könyvek? whose are these books?
- ezek a könyvek Ágiéi these books are Ági's
- még nem találtad Ágiéit? have you not yet found Ági's?
Here is another example, sent in by reader Gábor Bánóczi. It shows the
construction of the word
those of my sons, i.e. my sons'
- fia his son
- fiai his/her sons
- fiaié his sons' (object)
- For example, a bárány a fiaié the lamb is her sons',
or, the lamb belongs to her sons.
- fiaiéi his sons' (objects)
- For example, a bárányok a fiaiéi
the lambs are her sons', or, the lambs belong to her sons
In English, "who's" means "who is," or "who has."
It's nothing to do with possession.