Possessive pronouns are stand-alone words that both represent the possessed
object and the owner.
They include, in English:
Usage is the same as in English.
Which car is better?... Yours
Whose house is that? Hers.
The genitive is a noun in its own right. It
can take all other ending
(except é again)
and can be applied to all nouns (execpt the plural forms, when you have to use a
special plural, see below).
Take care, because in English some possessive modifers are the same as the
stand-alone possessive pronouns: his
can be used in the context of "that's his car" and
That car is his. This page discusses the latter. I will therefore use "hers" to avoid ambiguity, but of course
it is gender-irrelevant.
In Hungarian these words are listed below, but don't forget to include the article!
Here are some examples of possessive pronouns at work.
Ez a kutya az enyém
This dog is mine
Ezek a kutyák az enyéim
These dogs are mine
Which do you want?
(I want) yours
(I want) thiers
A good way of remembering that it serves the dual role of
possessor and possessed item is to look at the following:
az én könyvem
a te könyved
az ő könyve
a mi könyvünk
a ti könyvetek
That is, we take the nominative
form for the possessor and the external possessive form of the owned
object and (kind of) combine them to get these pronouns.
* Note - az ő(k) könyvük. The correct Hungarian is az ő könyvük
but I keep in the plural -k to clarify the point about matching owner and ownee.
See the explanation here: single possession.